Marv sent me the following email:
“I’ve glanced at this, Jerry, and I’ll say that it got my attention! I’ll go back to it over the weekend and study it. Now to show my ignorance. From what incident does the Jewish calendar begin? Now to show my real ignorance. I had never thought of this before!”
This question in regards to the Jewish (Hebrew) calendar is a excellent question that most have not considered. Knowing this calendar well help in understanding certain aspects of the Bible that would normally be overlooked. I will try and give an answer to the question and supply links to other sources.
Gen 1:14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:
With this in mind, let’s look at our solar months. We have twelve months with +/- 30 days, making a 365-day year. The Hebrew calendar is a lunar calendar, meaning it is based on the moon’s cycle, starting at the beginning of the month.
The Hebrew calendar starts each new month at a new moon (conjunction). The month may have 29 to 30 days, depending on the actual time from one new moon to the next new moon. This allows the full moon to fall after sunset of the 14th day of the month, which begins the 15th day of the month as the sun sets. Every 19 years a 13th month is added to correct to the 365-day solar year.
Gen 1:5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day. (note: that a day starts at sundown)
How the names of the months came about is controversial and really not necessary to address at this time. It is important to note that all but one of God’s seven feast days fall on the full moon and the other Trumpets, falls on the beginning of the month. The new article “Blood Moons” will require one to understand the Hebrew calendar to make sense of the article. – Jerry
P.S. If you have any questions to add on the above, please comment.